Bioluminescence is a phenomenon that is difficult for evolutionists to explain because it occurs across phyla. It can be found in potato plant leaves, foxfire fungi, squids, fireflies, the black dragonfish and sharks. Bioluminescence is a double-edged sword. It brings camouflage, a meal, or a mate in the correct context but would actually be deadly if it occurred in the wrong species (as with a mouse on a dark night). Our Creator has equipped each member of Creation according to its needs.
Viviana and Bechara (1997) hypothesize that these red-emitting head-mounted photic organs provide an illumination function, which may help in locating prey which do not have spectral sensitivity shifted to the red, and that the lateral photic organs serve an … See Moreaposematic defensive function” (p. 13). Between these two sources we can see three different functions for bioluminescence: red spectrum or infrared hunting, warning displays, and oxygen consumption. We can add to that a fourth function if we consider sharks’ bellies and camouflage and a fifth if we consider mating displays in cuttlefish. The more we examine the instances of bioluminescence in the natural world, the more we find diversity and specificity in its application. Keep in mind that the bioluminescence would be a heavy liability if the organism’s mating partner, prey object, or predator does not possess photosensitivity and the specific spectral sensitivity to respond to the light signals. The interacting species must dovetail in terms of light production and light perception or there is no benefit. Further, bioluminescence occurs across phyla. There is no common strand of development across phylogeny, it is context-specific. Clearly, this is not a case of homology (specific structural similarities across species). What we are seeing is genetic coding for specific biochemical reactions that are occurring in both plants and animals, in different locations and with varying applications. These are the brushstrokes of a Master Craftsman.